Michelle Dowling, John Wenskovitch, Scotland C. Leman, J.T. Fry, Leanna L. House, Chris North


Much research has been done regarding how to visualize and interact with observations and attributes of high-dimensional data for exploratory data analysis. From the analyst's perceptual and cognitive perspective, current visualization approaches typically treat the observations of the high-dimensional dataset very differently from the attributes. Often, the attributes are treated as inputs (e.g., sliders), and observations as outputs (e.g., projection plots), thus emphasizing investigation of the observations. However, there are many cases in which analysts wish to investigate both the observations and the attributes of the dataset, suggesting a symmetry between how analysts think about attributes and observations. To address this, we define SIRIUS (Symmetric Interactive Representations In a Unified System), a symmetric, dual projection technique to support exploratory data analysis of high-dimensional data. We provide an example implementation of SIRIUS and demonstrate how this symmetry affords additional insights.


Scotland C. Leman

J.T. Fry

John Wenskovitch

Leanna L. House

Chris North

Publication Details

Date of publication:
August 20, 2018
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Page number(s):
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Publication note:

Michelle Dowling, John E. Wenskovitch, J. T. Fry, Scotland Leman, Leanna House, Chris North: SIRIUS: Dual, Symmetric, Interactive Dimension Reductions. IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 25(1): 172-182 (2019)