Nikhil Muralidhar, Mohammad Raihanul Islam, Manish Marwah, Naren Ramakrishnan

Abstract

In recent years, the large amount of labeled data available has also helped tend research toward using minimal domain knowledge, e.g., in deep neural network research. However, in many situations, data is limited and of poor quality. Can domain knowledge be useful in such a setting? In this paper, we propose domain adapted neural networks (DANN) to explore how domain knowledge can be integrated into model training for deep networks. In particular, we incorporate loss terms for knowledge available as monotonicity constraints and approximation constraints. We evaluate our model on both synthetic data generated using the popular Bohachevsky function and a real-world dataset for predicting oxygen solubility in water. In both situations, we find that our DANN model outperforms its domain-agnostic counterpart yielding an overall mean performance improvement of 19.5% with a worst- and best-case performance improvement of 4% and 42.7%, respectively.

Nikhil Muralidhar, Mohammad Raihanul Islam, Manish Marwah, Anuj Karpatne, Naren Ramakrishnan: Incorporating Prior Domain Knowledge into Deep Neural Networks. IEEE BigData 2018: 36-45

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Nikhil Muralidhar


Naren Ramakrishnan


Publication Details

Date of publication:
January 24, 2019
Conference:
IEEE Big Data
Page number(s):
36-45