Traditional resource (demand or supply) forecasting models mainly focus on modeling temporal dependency. However, spatio-temporal data include complex non-linear relational and spatial dependencies. In addition, dynamic contextual information also impacts resources. Methods that consider context assume that the impact of context on resources is fixed, which is not realistic. For example, in a bicycle-sharing system, bike supply in stations is affected by the weather, and that effect changes over time. We propose a novel graph-based context integrated relational model, Context Integrated Graph Neural Network (CIGNN), which models temporal, relational, spatial, and dynamic contextual dependencies for multi-step ahead resource forecasting. We define a resource graph, where nodes represent locations with associated resource time-series, and context graphs (one for each type of context), where nodes represent locations with associated contextual time-series. Assuming that various contexts have dynamic impact on resources, our proposed CIGNN model employs a novel fusion mechanism that jointly learns from multiple contextual time-series. To the best of our knowledge, CIGNN is the first approach that integrates dynamic contextual information using graph neural networks for resource forecasting. Empirical results on two real-world datasets demonstrate that CIGNN consistently outperforms state-of-the-art approaches.
H. Chen, R. A. Rossi, K. Mahadik and H. Eldardiry, “Context Integrated Relational Spatio-Temporal Resource Forecasting,” 2021 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data), 2021, pp. 1359-1368
- Date of publication:
- December 15, 2021
- IEEE International Conference on Big Data
- Page number(s):