Xuetao Wei, Nicholas C. Valler, Iulian Neamtiu, Michalis Faloutsos, Christos Faloutsos


In this paper, we study the intertwined propagation of two competing "memes" (or data, rumors, etc.) in a composite network. Within the constraints of this scenario, we ask two key questions: (a) which meme will prevail? and (b) can one influence the outcome of the propagations? Our model is underpinned by two key concepts, a structural graph model (composite network) and a viral propagation model (SI1I2S). Using this framework, we formulate a non-linear dynamic system and perform an eigenvalue analysis to identify the tipping point of the epidemic behavior. Based on insights gained from this analysis, we demonstrate an effective and accurate prediction method to determine viral dominance, which we call the EigenPredictor. Next, using a combination of synthetic and real composite networks, we evaluate the effectiveness of various viral suppression techniques by either a) concurrently suppressing both memes or b) unilaterally suppressing a single meme while leaving the other relatively unaffected.

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Publication Details

Date of publication:
June 1, 2013
Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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