Gaurang Karwande, Amarachi Blessing Mbakwe, Ismini Lourentzou


Despite the progress in utilizing deep learning to automate chest radiograph interpretation and disease diagnosis tasks, change between sequential Chest X-rays (CXRs) has received limited attention. Monitoring the progression of pathologies that are visualized through chest imaging poses several challenges in anatomical motion estimation and image registration, i.e., spatially aligning the two images and modeling temporal dynamics in change detection. In this work, we propose CheXRelNet, a neural model that can track longitudinal pathology change relations between two CXRs. CheXRelNet incorporates local and global visual features, utilizes inter-image and intra-image anatomical information, and learns dependencies between anatomical region attributes, to accurately predict disease change for a pair of CXRs. Experimental results on the Chest ImaGenome dataset show increased downstream performance compared to baselines.


Ismini Lourentzou

Gaurang Karwande

Publication Details

Date of publication:
August 8, 2022
Cornell University
Publication note:

Gaurang Karwande, Amarachi Mbakawe, Joy T. Wu, Leo A. Celi, Mehdi Moradi, Ismini Lourentzou:CheXRelNet: An Anatomy-Aware Model for Tracking Longitudinal Relationships between Chest X-Rays. CoRR abs/2208.03873 (2022)